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Krupuk or Kerupuk
Krupuk or Kerupuk, or Kroepoek in Dutch spelling (Indonesia), or Keropok (Malaysia), or prawn cracker (Australia), or bánh phồng tôm (Vietnam) is a popular snack in parts of Southeast Asia and China. It consists of deep-fried crackers made of flattened-out prawns.
Countless varieties of krupuk exist, and they use fruits and vegetables not commonly found in the West, such as melinjo (gnetum gnemon) nuts (krupuk made from melinjo nuts is called emping). There are around 30 different recipes for krupuk in Indonesia alone. Sidoarjo in East Java and Garut in West Java are big producers of krupuk, and many recipes originate there.
In the Malaysian state of Terengganu, krupuk are made by grinding the fish, prawn or vegetable to a paste, mixing with sago and then deep-frying it. It comes in two main forms: keropok lekor which is long and chewy, keropok losong (steamed) and keropok keping which is thin and crispy. It is frequently served with dipping sauces.
Prawn crackers (British English), shrimp chip or shrimp cracker (both American English) are the most familiar krupuk to Westerners. These crackers are usually white or light brown in colour. Despite the high amount of shrimps used, any shrimp taste is usually quite subtle. Perhaps the most common form is the Indonesian krupuk udang, made with dried shrimp and hence a light shade of pink. In Indonesian restaurants with English menus these are often simply called 'prawn crackers'.
Chinese prawn crackers tend to be more colourful (including shades of white, pale pink, green and blue), light, non-spicy and crispy. Prawn crackers are a traditional complimentary side dish and may accompany Chinese takeaway in Australia, the United Kingdom and Ireland. Shrimp Chips are usually served with a specific chicken dish in Chinese restaurants.
Krupuk are made by deep-frying them in oil. In only a few seconds they expand from thumb-sized semi-transparent chips to white fluffy crackers, much like popcorn, as the small bubbles of air trapped in the flexible chips expand. If left in the open air for more than a few days, they start to soften and become chewy and therefore are ideally consumed within a few days of being fried. Storing the crackers in a refrigerator, or airtight container, will preserve the crispness for over a week. However, the best solution for soggy crackers is to place them under a lit grill, as not only will the crispness return as new, but the procedure is ideal for gently warming the product. Packets of unfried prawn crackers may be purchased in oriental stores, or stores that specialise in Asian cuisine. In the Netherlands and Australia they are also widely available in general supermarkets.
Some varieties of Krupuk can also be prepared in a microwave ovens. This method is less messy, faster and also the krupuk doesn't become as oily. And there are so many kind of kerupuk :
* Kerupuk udang
* Kerupuk ikan
* Kerupuk bawang putih
* Kerupuk bawang
* Kerupuk kulit
* Kerupuk mlarat
* Kerupuk gendar
* Kerupuk sanjai
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